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The American Civil War and the Industrial Revolution

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North and South Economy Difference

Although slave trade was banned from Africa in year 1808, it continued to be smuggled due to the growth of the textile industry. North and South America apparently had two separate economies, and the South relied on agricultural sales and the North relied on industry. But the north played a vital role in the southern economy because of its dominance over slave trade. In fact, many of the traders in the black business were residents of the North. Although many slaves were not employed in North America, the profits from their sale became the capital of many North American factories and the resurgence of small and large capitalists and the reputation of recently acquired families.

Slave Trade in America

The slave trade in America

The commercial interests of the South were increasingly in conflict with small industrial groups, farmers, and northern workers. The northerners were able to mobilize labor through wages, and thus needed a strong government to raise tariffs, expand suitable infrastructure for domestic industrialization, and continuously expand the free labor market. The southern slaves, therefore, attempted to get out of the North game to prevent their weakening.

After the Civil War, a new kind of capitalism emerged in the United States and elsewhere in the world. This new type of capitalist system, characterized by strong governments, widespread bureaucracy, new infrastructure, military capabilities, and labor, was made possible by profits, institutions, networks, technologies, and innovations derived from slavery, colonization, and land acquisition.

The basis of the American economy and of course the industrial revolution is slavery. Slavery grew as a result of the Industrial Revolution and with its growth circulated the wheels of the American economy; in fact, African slaves and their labor power were a gear in the American economy that without the engine did not have enough power to move.

In the meantime, the northerners were more likely to benefit mutual from the lucrative business and from the startups, whose raw materials came from the south. Every day the north was economically stronger than the south as the world was becoming industrialized and the southern economy was still based on agriculture. As the North’s economy became more and more industrialized.

The United States was expanding through the Industrial Revolution. To gain more land and wider development, more clashes took place with the Native Americans, who were the first and indigenous American inhabitants and had fertile land. The Native Americans were forced to move from the land they had at their disposal. More fertile lands were given to immigrant whites, and Native Americans accommodated in less fertile lands. Immigrants were making more and more progress toward the western United States every day. By year 1850, the country stretched beyond forests, plains, and mountains. Within that range, 23 million people lived in a unit comprising 31 states. In the eastern part, the industry grew, and in the middle and south, agriculture expanded. After 1849, California’s gold mines led to the opening of the golden channels to commercial channels. New England and the Mid-Atlantic States became the principal centers of factories, businesses, and financial centers. The main products in these areas were textiles, timber, clothing, machinery, leather and woolen goods. By this time, shipping had peaked, and US-flagged ships were shipping around the world (US History, p. 75).

Southward, from the Atlantic to the Mississippi River and beyond, was a relatively dense political area centered on an economy focused on agriculture. Tobacco was important to the economies of Virginia, Maryland, and North Carolina. In South Carolina, rice was the major crop, and Louisiana’s climate and soil were prone to cane cultivation. But flax (cotton) became the major crop and became the hallmark of the south. By year 1850, South America supplied more than 80 percent of the world’s cotton, and slaves were used to harvest the crop, most of which was cotton.

Black slaves working on cotton fields

California and its surrounding lands were seen by the people of Paradise whose fertile lands awaited the farmers. Gold was found in its soil and had good weather. In a book written in the 70 decade of the nineteenth century, California as I saw it, reports of California’s fertile lands and enchanting climate made such descriptions that anyone who reads that book would be forced to migrate to the west.

By the middle of the nineteenth century the gold rush drew many people to California. A total of two billion gold was extracted from California during the Gold Rush period. 1852 was the peak of this era. Thousands of miners wished to travel to Catalonia for reaching quickly to everything they want, reaching the state’s population from less than 1000 person to 100,000 people in a year. They first came from cities and states near and far to California. But as California gold mines faded away from places like Chile, Hawaii, Peru and even China, they came to California’s gold mines. Not everyone was lucky enough to own a gold mine or seek gold for themselves, but many of these seekers worked for more powerful people. These seekers, who came from all over California hoping to find gold, had no place.

Temporary cities were formed around the mines, which later formed the main context of the area, with shops, churches and schools being added. Mining forces were later employed in other fields, such as farms, shipping, railways, etc., which resulted in the provision of raw materials and infrastructure to develop and meet the needs of industrial plants.

The Civil War and its Impact on the Industrial Revolution

American Civil War

The growing divergence between the North and South economies led to a civil war in year 1861 that lasted for four years, killing about 750-850 thousand people. The more industrialized northern states needed day laborers to develop their industries, and industrial jobs were not compatible with the master-slave interaction. It didn’t work well for industrialization and was more traditional. Employer-worker interaction exempted the employer from providing the worker with a living and working life, using only his labor force and paying him a small wage.

In fact, because the workers had to pay for themselves and their families, they were dependent on factory workers and employers. If in the slavery system, they were working on the farm to get fewer lashes, in the new system the worker and the employer would have to work at whatever wage the employer or the new lord would pay to keep themselves and their families from starving, and whenever the worker paid less Found, unemployed. Clearly, the system was well-suited to the profits of North American industrialists and so to gain more profits, they pull gun together for having the new slavery of the millions of black slaves who worked on farmland in the south from sunrise to sunset,. However, even before that, the American Industrial Revolution was still on the shoulders of blacks.

Before the Detachment wars, blacks were enslaved and attributed the honor to Lincoln, who was the savior of the blacks and freed the slaves, but it wasn’t like that. In fact, the wars of detachment were not originally intended to abolish slavery. After becoming powerful, Lincoln faced a crisis; the former president, biocon, was Southern and fan of Southerners, sent a message before handing over his post to the new president. In this message, he warns the southerners that they should not leave the union, but if they do, the government will not treat them. The message meant that any state he wanted could leave the union and no one would deal with it. Soon this message will be answered by Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi and Louisiana, leaving the states separating from the union, and Texas joining them, and they captured the strongholds of the federal government.

Abraham Lincoln

Lincoln has repeatedly stated that he does not intend to interfere in the affairs of the South and its slavery system. He states that although morally slavery is not right, it is a legal right and the abolition of slavery is not legal. While doubting the human nature of being a black man, he even believes that blacks are never racially equal to whites, and white is superior, even if both races live freely. But after the prolongation of the war, Lincoln enforced the abolition of slavery as a pretext for a war to undermine the southern economy and weaken it against the northern army, not any humanitarian purpose.

After the Civil War, despite the announcement of the abolition of slavery, the situation for blacks did not change much, and it became worse. More than half a million deaths in the Civil War, two percent of the population of 20 million whites and four million black Americans, resulted in over-racist treatment of blacks. Blacks were not allowed to specialize in jobs like whites. Specific laws were passed that required blacks to treat whites with humility. They should early sleep and wake up. If the black man had not worked, he would have been imprisoned, and the one who had brought him out of prison would have paid as much as he had paid for his freedom. And …

The Civil War left a mark on American history, and in one it reflected the changes that had taken place two or three decades earlier. The needs of the war greatly moved the factories to progress faster and further. The economic acceleration led to the extraction of iron, steam and electricity, thus advancing science and invention. This progress can be traced back to the growing number of patents in recent years. In the years before 1860, 36,000 inventions been registered, but in the thirty years thereafter, 440,000 had been filed, and in the first twenty-five years of the twentieth century, that number reached nearly one million.

Author: Zeinab Hatampour

Sources:

  • Full US History, published by the US Congress
  • Howard Zane, American People’s Story, kh. Taheri, M. Hadi, The Three-Volume Period, Justice Map, 1392.
  • Harvey Wasser Man, American Popular History, Mohammad Ghazi, Arvin Publishing 1373
  • Claude Julian, Dream and History (America in Two Centuries), Morteza Kalantarian, Agah Publishing 1357
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